The future of cities is the subject of much hand-wringing in urban policy circles. As of late, a popular topic has been the concept of urban "resilience" and the Rockefeller Foundation has taken this matter on with its 100 Resilient Cities initiative. On its website, first-time visitors should first explore the "What is Resilience?" area. Here, the topic is explained in detail and an infographic links to a number of helpful resources. Moving on, visitors can explore the foundation's blog and some of the Most Read entries, such as "The Five Fastest Growing Cities" and "Slumdog Urbanism." Each entry features a comments section that allows visitors to chime in with their own thoughts on resilience in the 21st century. The site is rounded out with a nice subscription feature, allowing readers the opportunity to receive email updates once new material is published on the site.
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In 1895, the initial framework was in place for what would later become the University of Wisconsin's Library School. Now known as the School of Library and Information Studies (SLIS), the School continues to honor the traditions of librarianship, while incorporating the modern technologies that continue to push the discipline and profession forward. This particular collection of digital images documents the activities of students in the library school from the 1910s to the 1960s. Created by students in SLIS, the program includes digital images culled from yearlogs assembled by previous generations of students. Here visitors can browse the collection by people, year, place, or activity. Some of the photos include class pictures, May Day celebrations, and numerous images of faculty members and even the former home of the school, which for a number of years was a converted fraternity house on campus.
The British Prime Minister's Office has recently opened a web site, 10 Downing Street. Although it does contain selected Prime Minister's speeches, transcripts, and interviews, Prime Minister's biographies (back to Harold Macmillan at present), and a tour of #10, its greatest utility is as an entry point to British executive department government sites. The Cabinet Ministers' Biography section contains information on 23 ministers and links to cabinet web sites. There is also a page of government department pointers.
This site is a recent addition to an exitsing Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory Project (last reviewed in the April 30, 1999 Scout Report) collection. The 1562 Map of America by Diego Gutierrez has been placed on the Discovery and Exploration Maps Collection page. Truly one of the LOC's greatest treasures, this handsomely engraved 1562 map of the Americas comes complete with images of sea monsters, exotic wildlife, and an erupting volcano. A very nice essay by a senior LOC Bibliographer on the map and its origins is also provided.
This report, recently released by the Wilderness Society, describes the "15 most endangered wild lands" and the threats to each. The list includes Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Badger-Two Medicine, Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, Cascade Crest, Cumberland Island National Seashore, Izembek National Wildlife Refuge, Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges, Mojave Desert, Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Owyhee Canyonlands, Petroglyph National Monument, Routt National Forest, Utah Wilderness, and Western Maine Woods.
In 1948, Melville J. Herskovits established the African Studies program at Northwestern University. It was the first of its kind at a major research university in the United States, and since its creation, it has also been actively involved with collecting historic maps of Africa. This particular online collection draws on this legacy of preservation and acquisition, and all told, it contains 113 antique maps of Africa dating from the middle of the sixteenth century to the early twentieth century. Visitors can utilize a search engine to look through the maps, or they may also browse by title, cartographer, or date. There are a number of real finds here, including Frederik de Wit's 1708 map of North Africa (titled "Barbaria") and an early map of Zanzibar from 1740.
The University of Missouri Digital Library has a range of digital collections covering much of the fine Show Me State, along with other regions of the United States and the globe. This particular collection brings together key documents that tell the story of British religious, legal, and political history from the 1600s to the 1800s. Visitors can browse at their leisure or perform complex searches across the entire collection. It is impressive indeed, as it contains over 20,000 items that were purchased by the university beginning in 1943. Many of these documents were published anonymously, due to their possibly inflammatory and controversial subject matter. It's fun to just look around, as visitors can find items like the 1642 pamphlet "What kinds of Parliament will please the King" and 1643's "A Second Complaint: being an honest letter to a doubtfull friend, about the rifling of the twentieth part of his estate." [KMG]
The University of Houston has increased its digital offerings in recent years to allow visitors to make their way through everything from home retail pamphlets from the 1920s to copper plate engravings from Theodor de Bry's "Grandes Voyages." This particular collection offers users access to 80 different menus from the 1850s and 1860s. The menus are taken from establishments that were located all over the country, such as the American Hotel in Buffalo and the Allyn House in Hartford. It's quite a revelation to learn that on March 5, 1859, the patrons at the Allyn House would have had access to over 35 menu options, including oyster fritters and halibut. Culinary historians and gastronomy types will have a field day with these menus, which might inspire a rather elaborate repast.
The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago hosts this online exhibition devoted to the photographs taken by Professor James Henry Breasted and his colleagues in Nubia during the years 1905-1907. In Breasted's time, many Egyptologists were interested in recovering only buried artifacts. However, Breasted focused on preserving and documenting the historical treasures found above ground before they became too weathered. Breasted's excursions resulted in the printing of 1,055 photographs, which are now displayed digitally (high or low resolution .gif) at this fascinating Website. a catalog and map are also featured.
As a formative and pivotal moment in Irish history, the 1916 Rising has commanded the attention of many historians over the past nine decades. Recently, the National Library of Ireland created this engaging online exhibit about these events. In total, this resource includes over 500 images drawn from the Library's books, newspapers, drawings, and proclamations. The actual exhibit itself moves visitors through sections that provide a basic outline of Irish history, and then move through the events over the following centuries that would lead up to the Uprising itself. Perhaps the finest moments of the collection are contained within the last few sections, where visitors learn about the fate of those who were arrested due to their activities during the Uprising.
The New York Public Library's excellent online exhibit on the year of gay liberation opens with an inviting digital poster with all the names of the gay liberation groups represented in the exhibit. Visitors can click anywhere on the poster to enter the exhibit. Take a look at the "Introduction" to learn about the history of gay liberation groups. About half a dozen or so of the groups are featured on the left side of the page, and the visitor can click on each one to read the story of their involvement in the gay liberation movement. Visitors who will be in New York City July through November can catch the "Traveling Panel Exhibition" at various libraries throughout the city, however, those visitors who won't be anywhere near the Big Apple during those months, can "Download a PDF of the Panel Exhibition". Finally, visitors should definitely not miss out on the link to the "LGBT Resources at the NYPL", located in the lower left hand corner of the page. There are collections devoted to LGBT health, seniors, history and teens, as well as a list of other digital collections that are available.
USAID, the US Agency for International Development, has recently released a key document online. This document, the agency's annual report, can be downloaded as a single document or by chapter in .pdf format. The report evaluates the progress of USAID programs in over 100 countries worldwide. Chapters explore topics such as Economic Growth and Agricultural Development; Population, Health and Nutrition; Environment; and Humanitarian Assistance. Annexes include USAID Agency Evaluations and Country Development Trends.
The Division of STD Prevention of the US Centers for Disease Control has recently released this update (MMWR 1998;47(No. RR-1)) to the 1993 set of guidelines with the same title. The guidelines were developed by CDC staff after consultation with a "group of invited experts" in early 1997. Included are sections on various sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, Genital Ulcers, Epididymitis, Human Papillomavirus Infection, and vaccine preventable STDs, among others. Guideline evidence is briefly discussed in each section of the report, and the CDC is committed to providing "more comprehensive, annotated discussions of such evidence...in background papers that will be published in 1998." Note that in the HTML version of the report, some of the interior links within chapters are inaccurate. In those cases, it is prudent to click on the section headings to find the relevant information.
NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has released its 1998 Hurricane Season wrap-up data. Contained within the wrap-up are several impressive images, including a ten-day montage image of Hurricane George as it made its deadly way across the Atlantic Ocean into the Mississippi. The images were acquired by GOES-8, NOAA's geostationary weather satellite.
Compiled and published by the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU) at Loughborough University, these tables offer "a broad overall perspective of the Library and Information scene in the UK." Users can consult the tables to discover statistics such as the number of national, public, and university libraries in the UK, their expenditures and acquisitions, professional staff, borrowing trends, and many others. Additional sections on public library services for children and publishing and book trade statistics are also provided.
The 1998 Annual Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group was held from April 13-17, 1998 in Washington DC. The site features the schedule of events, transcripts of press conferences and briefings, and various communiques. Topics discussed at the meeting include the current world economic outlook, Asian lessons for Latin America, and trends in development indicators.
Released on September 4, 2000, the 1999 Financial Disclosures of the five members of the Fed's Board of Governors (BOG) offers fascinating insight into the "financial lives of America's most powerful economic policy makers." The data are displayed in an easy-to-read chart, offering information on the value of each governor's assets, assets of each governor and family, income from assets, and income from family assets. This site also offers bullet-pointed highlights of the findings, including the wealthiest governor and the financial investment choices of the BOG. The notes on each of the governors's statements are especially interesting.
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, a private charitable organization, aims to initiate and develop "public policies, human-service reforms, and community supports" to assist disadvantaged children in the US. One of the principal activities of the organization is the publication of the KIDS COUNT Data Book, "which uses the best available data to measure the educational, social, economic, and physical well-being of children" all over the US. This site offers public access to the online database for the 1999 KIDS COUNT Data Book. Included are tables of state and national data profiles based on statistical indicators, lists of states ranked by indicator, interactive line graphs allowing users to compare indicators from up to eight areas, and color-coded US maps representing KIDS COUNT data. Users can download all of the raw data files for 1999 in a compressed .zip file or they may download raw data files individually as either a MS Excel spreadsheet file (.xls) or a comma-delimited text file (.csv).
The American Studies Program of Washington State University offers this online directory to Websites and resources on the literary and cultural history of the US in the nineteenth century. The directory presents a subject overview followed by a dozen or more subtopic headings which lead to annotated listings further broken down by subheadings. The site is frequently updated and provides a wealth of links for studying the last two centuries from a cultural studies viewpoint. The 19th Century United States Historical, Literary and Cultural Studies Online directory is particularly well-stocked with useful links to historical documents; resources on nineteenth-century authors and texts; as well as links to maps, photographs, posters, and other examples of the visual culture of the time.
This demonstration project by the University of Pittsburgh Digital Research Library proves that digital versions of rare books can be as enjoyable as the original print. Currently, digitized versions of 30 nineteenth-century textbooks selected from the Nietz Old Textbook Collection are available, covering reading, writing, and 'rithmatic, and beyond. The site allows users to page through the books as they would with hard copies. There is a table of contents for each book, including a bookmarkable URL and bibliographic citation, from which one can proceed to chapters and even skip to the pictures. Powerful Boolean and simple searching are provided, with ample help screens. In addition, a searchable citation bibliography contains entried for the complete Nietz Collection, some 16,000 volumes.
During the 19th century, the ever-popular trade card was a way for American businesses to effectively promote their goods and services. Some examples include a colorful business card depicting freshly caught mackerel in a net (appropriately enough for "Deep Sea Mackerel") and the Charter Oak Lawn Mower, which feature two Victorian women enjoying a leisurely mowing session in a pastoral setting. This online collection was created by Harvard Business School's Baker Library, which happens to have over 8000 of these cards. The online archive contains around 1000 cards which date from the 1870s to the 1890s. Visitors can search this archive via Harvard's Visual Information Access (VIA) union catalog which will allow them to focus in on subjects of particular interest. Finally, visitors can also avail themselves of the site's digital exhibition entitled "A New and Wonderful Invention: The Nineteenth-Century American Trade Card".
In early 2001 the US State Department released the 25th edition of its Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. The report cites continued abuses in countries that have long been noted for human rights violations, including Iraq, North Korea, Cuba, and Afghanistan. It also notes a worsening in China's human rights record, perhaps signalling a tougher stance towards the world's most populous nation under the new US administration. Users may read the full text of the report, which is organized by region, at the State Department site.
The proposed revision of the 1991 edition of the Mathematics Subject Classification, MSC2000, was officially announced at the upcoming International Congress of Mathematicians in Berlin (August 24, 1998). MSC2000 is a collaborative effort between the editors of Mathematical Review and Zentralblatt fur Mathematik, two journals that review mathematics literature. Mathematical Reviews is a publication of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) (discussed in the July 14, 1995 issue of the Scout Report). The 1991 edition of the MSC (linked to from the MSC2000 site) contains "over 5,000 two-, three-, and five-digit classifications, each corresponding to a discipline of mathematics." The MSC2000 classification scheme is browseable; the 1991 edition has both browse and search functionality. Application of the new classification scheme will begin in the year 2000.
The US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) describes itself as providing policy-independent data, forecasts, and analyses to promote sound policy making, efficient markets, and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. The EIA Web site provides many informational pages and publications including the newly released 2001 Annual Energy Review. The report covers fossil fuels, nuclear electricity, renewable energy, and total energy by key activity -- all of which can be viewed online or downloaded. One handy feature of the site is the What's New link that contains all of the most important content changes that took place in this year's report.
Published by the Brown Center on American Education at the Brookings Institution, this report asks the question: "How well are American students learning?" Released in December 2007, this most recent edition of the report examines the latest test score data on math and reaching achievement. The report also offers analyses of enrollment patterns in private and public schools as well as an international comparison of national math scores. Tom Loveless, the director of the Brown Center, authored the report and it covers a great deal of ground and provides in-depth analysis of these topics. Visitors should also note that the Brookings site also contains a press release, a presentation by Loveless and video clips from the launch event for the report.
Charity Navigator provides high-quality information about charities in order "to advance a more efficient and responsive philanthropic marketplace." One of the more recently published studies is the 2007 CEO Compensation Study. Visitors can read this annotated report here in its entirety, and it contains a wealth of information about the subject. In the year 2007, their research shows that the top leaders of the 5242 largest charities in America earn an average salary of $145,270. While this amount may strike some as rather large, the report also notes that CEO compensation accounts for just 3.37% of the average organization's spending. The report contains a number of helpful charts, such as those that list average CEO salary by geographic region and by size of charity.
The good folks at the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) are always on the lookout for mathematical principles in the least likely of places, and this gallery of "found math" is a tribute to their perspicacity. The exhibition includes prizewinners from the Joint Mathematics Meetings Exhibition of Mathematical Art and a weekly "found math" object. Visitors can make their way through items like simplex lamp shades over a bar in Venice and a butterfly in South American that appears to have an "88" on its wing. A number of the objects have more extensive explanations of their various mathematical nuances, and a few of the more recent additions lead to posters that can be downloaded for use in the classroom.
Your portal for all things related to the Whitney Museum's signature exhibition, 2020 Whitney Biennial features video, images, an events calendar, how to purchase the catalog, and links to download audio tour guides, playable on whatever device visits the show with you. Begun as an annual exhibition in 1932, the 2010 Biennial is the 75th anniversary edition of the show. Although most prior biennials had themes (the theme in 2008 was time), "'simply titled 2010' embodies a cross section of contemporary art production rather than a specific theme." Clicking any image in the slide show on the main page takes you to that artist's full entry, including biographical information and links to background articles. Caption text tells you exactly where in the Whitney each piece of art is on view.
What was life like for people twenty years ago in Eastern Europe? Certainly it was a time of great social upheaval, and the Transitions Online (TOL) organization has created this website to collect articles, essays, and videos related to the revolutions that unfolded in 1989 in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania. The six primary sections on the homepage include "Features, "Recollections", "Where Are They Now?", "Countries", "Video", and "Timelines". The interactive "Timelines" area is a great way to start looking around on this site, and it includes chronological listings of key events in both the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Visitors can click on tags related to each event, and they may be curious to learn of lesser-known policies, like the so-called "Sinatra Doctrine", which was announced by Mikhail Gorbachev on October 25, 1989. Moving on, the "Recollections" area contains fascinating first-hand remembrances from people who were part of this historical milieu, like Michael Horacek, a ground-breaking journalist who experienced and wrote about the Velvet Revolution first-hand. Finally, the "Where Are They Now?" section offers written and visual updates on publishers, politicians, activists, and others associated with this period of revolution.
The National Commission on Retirement Policy, a bipartisan commission made up of leaders from the US Congress and the private sector has released "The 21st Centry Retirement Security Plan." The report outlines a plan that aims to "contribute to the long-term growth of the economy, without requiring tax increases or burdening future generations." The recommendations in the report include putting two percent of current payroll tax into Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs), allowing for additional voluntary contributions to ISAs up to $2,000, gradually increasing the mandatory retirement age to 70 and making retirement benefits from employer-sponsored plans portable.
The University of Minnesota Biocatalysis/Biodegradation Database (UM/BBD) contains "microbial biocatalytic reactions and biodegradation pathways primarily for xenobiotic, chemical compounds." A new microbial enzyme-catalyzed reactions has been posted for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid. 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used in cultivated agricultural areas, rangeland and pastures, forests, and homes or gardens, and is "a chlorinated phenoxy compound [that] functions as a systemic herbicide and is used to control many types of broadleaf weeds." The degradation pathway map includes organisms which can initiate the pathway. The pathway map provides detailed information on each hyperlinked step, including graphics, product/substrate reactions, and external links to further information.
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- Hill, Brian.
- Oh, Dong Jun.
- Young, Eva.
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On July 14, NASA announced the public release of a huge collection of images (1.9 million) from the Two-Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), the most thorough census of stars ever made. Using two automated, 51-inch telescopes, one in Arizona and the other in Chile, the three-year-old survey has so far taken images of half a million galaxies and 162 million stars. By its completion, the survey's catalogs will contain more than 300 million objects. A sampling of these images has been placed online at the 2MASS site at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) at the California Institute of Technology. The twelve-page gallery contains some amazing images, including the center of the Milky Way, the Sombrero galaxy, the Crab Nebula, and the Dark Nebula, offered as large thumbnails which link to a full-sized image. Users can learn more about 2MASS at the survey's homepages at Caltech and the University of Massachusetts.
Over a century ago, Yiddish theater was all the rage in New York and other major American cities with a sizable Jewish population. A wide range of well known performers (such as Paul Muni and Leonard Nimoy) cut their teeth on these stages. Of course, the 2nd Avenue corridor in New York City held many of these Yiddish theaters and this site from the New York University Libraries seeks "to capture the memory and to convey the feel of 2nd Avenue as a living part of the history and culture of New York and America." Visitors to the site can browse around the Multimedia area to listen to oral histories or check out some video clips. The Photos area includes a history of Yiddish theater in New York along with several family photo albums. The site is rounded out by a collection of related radio programs and stations.
The National Writing Project (NWP) does a spot-on job of bringing together a raft of resources for those teaching writing at all levels of interest and instruction. These thirty ideas are a great way to get started, and include tips that originated as full-length articles in various NWP publications. As suggested on its site, "readers will benefit from a variety of eclectic, classroom-tested techniques." The complete list of ideas is offered here, along with links to the aforementioned articles which often include suggestions about classroom implementation. First-time visitors should take a look at tips like "Use the shared events of students˘ÎÎČ lives to inspire writing" and "Pair students with adult reading/writing buddies."
On March 1, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon signed Public Law 92-237, effectively creating the Buffalo National River in Arkansas. It was the first designated "National River" and resulted from a hard fought battle as many Arkansans were hoping that dams would be built, leading to a bit of an economic boost. This was a seminal moment for the state and the nation, and it is one of the items covered in this collection from the University of Arkansas. A range of ephemera are included here, including fact sheets, bumper stickers, plans, and photographs. Visitors can go ahead and browse the collection or navigate to The River or The Ozark Society to get more background information. The film, "Opportunity for Arkansas,Ě˘ĺŰĺ should not be missed as it provides some great context to this whole project. Additionally, visitors can click on the Recent Additions tab to view the latest items added by staff members.
Have you ever wondered how different optical illusions work? This fun, informative, and very cool website developed by ophthalmologist Dr. Michael Bach of the University of Freiburg's Medical School introduces 48 interactive visual illusions and phenomena. The illusions are animated and accompanied by explanations that help visitors make sense of their perceptual responses. Major illusion categories include: Motion & Time, Luminance & Contrast, Colour, Cognitive, and more. The site is still in progress, and Dr. Bach encourages both general feedback, and additional scientific information for improving the illusion explanations. The second site, also from Professor Bach, presents site users with an interactive, online Visual Acuity Test. Note: The Contrast component of the Test has yet to be implemented.
The Office on Women's Health in the US Department of Health and Human Services offers this Web site, which focuses on "many health topics that respond to adolescent girls' health concerns and motivates girls to choose healthy behaviors using positive, supportive and non-threatening messages." Topics covered include everything from puberty to stress relief to body image. Far from the outdated reel-to-reel films some of us had to endure in 5th grade health class, this Web site is a well-designed clearinghouse of helpful information and advice. The language is clear and straightforward, and dozens of Web links are available for more information and related news stories. Mind Over Matters includes a stress map scale, which visitors can use to estimate their stress level. 4 Girls Health also has a related Web site for girls with disabilities or chronic illness, and a special section for parents and other caregivers.
With the 4-H Virtual Farm, 4-H hopes to help kids "discover why farming is part of your life even if you've never lived on a farm, never seen crops grow in a field, or never touched a cow." Even though this Web site focuses, to an extent, on Virginia agriculture, the content should be applicable and interesting to any student. Six virtual farms are available (horse, aquaculture, beef, dairy, poultry, and wheat), each offering a variety of activities and multimedia features that help students explore agricultural ecology, resource management, and much more. After visiting the 4-H Virtual Farm, students can take the Blue Ribbon Challenge, a fun interactive quiz.
With over 100 years of service, the 4-H Organization is committed to helping "young people and their families gain the skills they need to be proactive forces in their communities and develop ideas for a more innovative economy." Their work includes outreach to agricultural communities, teen leadership programs, and many other initiatives. On the site's homepage, visitors will find four primary areas, including "About 4-H", "Programs", and "Resource Library". In the "Resource Library" area, visitors can learn about 4-H curriculum materials, volunteer resources, and grant opportunities. Moving on, the "Programs" area includes information about their youth research programs that address climate change, community leadership, and childhood obesity. Also, visitors can sign up for the "Power of YOUth News" updates and other news bulletins.
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- AMSER: Applied Math and Science Education Repository
- Internet Scout Project
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This website was created by staff members at the Advanced Learning Technologies Project at the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning. It's well designed, and has a diverse set of resources that will help teachers integrate technology into their classrooms. Visitors who may be on the fence about bringing different technologies into the classroom should definitely check out the "Success Stories" link under the "Integrating Technology" tab. There is archived material in "Teacher Testimony" and "Kids Speak" that is both inspiring and inspired. The "4Teachers Features" section of the homepage provides visitors with links to onsite "Professional Development for Ed" and "Online Educational Games" that aid in math skills and vocabulary building. In addition, the "4Teachers Videos Channel" provides tutorials and educational videos from YouTube and TeacherTube. "PersuadeStar," "Classroom Architect," and "Casa Notes" are just a few of more than a dozen "4Teachers Family of Tools" that visitors will find useful and enjoyable.