This report was the first of its kind to analyze the green job market in MI (3% of workforce) through an analytical (industrial and occupational trends), qualitative (focus groups), and quantitative (employer survey) approach. Discussed are Michigan's green related industries and occupations, and also tracking them. It's concluded that the MI green job market has further potential and is growing despite an economic downturn.
This resource is composed of materials from Wayne State University's professional development workshops which are designed to introduce educators to hybrid electric and electric vehicle fundamentals. Included materials are an event agenda, faculty presentations, and fliers.
This resource contains presentations from one of the Center for Automotive Research's (CAR's) breakfast briefings titled "Automotive Fuels and Emissions: Policies, Compliance, & Potential Impact of Future Technologies." This briefing occurred on 12/5/13 at Robert Bosch LLC in Farmington Hills, MI. At the briefing presenters discussed the strategic implications of Tier 3 regulations which will soon be finalized and may impact future technology decisions in a multitude of ways. The impact of Tier 3 emission regulations is expected to be far reaching as they have the potential to influence the quality of fuel, as well as usage of alternative fuels and powertrains. Further, the regulations will have a direct influence on the technologies, such as diesel and gasoline direct injection, that automakers will utilize to meet the fuel economy standards through MY2025. Included in this resource are the presentations from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Volkswagen, and Bosch utilized at the briefing.
This resource contains presentations from the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) 2013 Management Briefing Seminars held August 5-8, 2013. With over 900 attendees from industry, government, media, and academia, the event featured outstanding presentations from industry thought leaders as well as various networking and social events. Using CAR research as a foundation, these seminars revolved around global manufacturing strategies, lightweighting, connected vehicles, powertrain developments, sales forecasting, purchasing, policy, designing for technology, and capital investment.
This resource contains speaker presentations from the 2013 Plug-In Conference and Exposition. This conference took place September 30, 2013 to October 3, 2013 at Liberty Station in San Diego, CA and had the theme What's Next for the Electric Highway? This event brought together automotive manufacturers, component suppliers, electric utilities, government agencies, academia, and the environmental community to collaborate on the next steps in plug-in electric vehicle technology, infrastructure, policies and regulations, and market development.
This resource contains the agenda and presentations from the 2014 Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) Conference: You Can't See the Future in the Rearview Mirror. This conference took place on May 2, 2014 at Macomb Community College's South Campus in Warren, MI and was attended by more than 120 individuals representing various high schools, community colleges, and universities as well as multiple government agencies, professional organizations, and industry workforce representatives.
This resource contains presentations from the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) 2014 Management Briefing Seminars held August 4-7, 2014. With attendees from industry, government, media, and academia, the event featured outstanding presentations from industry thought leaders as well as various networking and social events. Using CAR research as a foundation, these seminars revolved around the most important issues facing the automotive industry today: manufacturing, powertrain, sales forecasting, connected and automated vehicles, purchasing, talent, and supply chain.
This resource contains a presentation from a webinar and video of the webinar regarding a study carried out by Ducker Worldwide and funded by The Aluminum Association to evaluate the aluminum content in 2015 model year vehicles and the projected aluminum content growth through 2025. Also included is the executive summary of the study.
The following course was created by Grand Rapids Community College (GRCC), through seed funding from theCAAT, to train workers for entry level positions in the advanced energy manufacturing industry. The course is designed around OSHA's "Standards for General Industry" and if taught by an authorized General Industry Outreach Training Program Instructor, students should receive an OSHA General Industry 30-hour Safety certification. Instructional materials include PowerPoint presentations, instructor notes, OSHA instructor and student manuals (handouts/assignments), and lesson objectives. All lessons are intended to be taught through PowerPoint presentations with guidance from the included lesson objectives and notes for instructors. The included PowerPoints are original OSHA presentations modified by GRCC and originals created by GRCC. The lesson topics are: Introduction to OSHA Safety and Health Programs, Hazard Mapping, Personal Protective Equipment, Exit Routes and Emergency Action Plans, Fire Protection and Prevention, Electrical Hazards, Ergonomics and Manual Material Handling, Walking and Working Surfaces, Industrial Hygiene, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Hazard CommunicationExit Routes and Emergency Action Plans, Fire Protection and Prevention, First Aid and CPR, Hand and Power Tool Safety, Machine Guarding, and Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tag-out).For more information on the course visit https://learning.grcc.edu/ec2k/CourseListing.asp?master_id=777&course_area=CEMF&course_number=102&course_subtitle=00.
This three credit course offered at Macomb Community College provides an introduction to hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Material covered includes alternative fuels, HEV batteries and accessories, HEV maintenance and diagnostics, regenerative braking, and safety procedures. Included educational materials for this course are crosswords, sample exams and quizzes, labs, lesson plans, pre/post assessments, and syllabus. Solutions are not provided with any materials. If you're an instructor and would like complete exams, quizzes, or solutions, please contact theCAAT. This course is composed of ten modules that may be used to supplement existing courses or taught together as a complete course. Module subjects are: Carbon Fuels and the Environment, Intro to Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Systems, Gasoline and Alternative Fuels, HEV Batteries and Service, Electric Motors, Generators, and Controllers, Regenerative Braking, HEV Transmissions and Transaxles, HEV Climate Control, and HEVFirst Resonder and Safety Procedures
This three credit course offered at Macomb Community College discusses the practical application of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) power management systems. Areas of study include computer controls of the internal combustion engine (ICE), battery types, HEV thermal management, motors, safety, and HEV/EV accessories. System types, service procedures, and diagnostic procedures are covered for Ford, General Motors, Honda, and Lexus/Toyota vehicles. Included educational materials for this course are homework, sample exams and quizzes, labs, lesson plans, pre-assessment, and syllabus. Solutions are not provided with any materials. If you're an instructor and would like complete exams, quizzes, or solutions, please contact theCAAT. This course is composed of six modules that can be used to supplement existing courses or taught together as a complete course. These modules are Intro to HEVs,Honda HEVs, Toyota HEVs,Ford HEVs, GM HEVs, and Fuel Cells
This four credit course offered by Macomb Community College provides practical training in the theory and basic design aspects of electric vehicle propulsion systems and is a required course for MCC's Electric VehicleDevelopment Technology Certificate. Primary subjects covered include rationale forelectric vehicles(EVs), safety, battery technologies, basic battery testing, electric machine (motor) types, electric machine operation, power management, power inverters, DC to DC converters, accessory systems, and potential future technologies. Educational materials included arethe first day handout, detailed course outcomes, homework (no solutions), labs, pre/post assessments, presentations, sample quizzes/exams, syllabus, and more. If you're an instructor and need access to homework solutions or complete exams/quizzes, please contact theCAAT. This course is composed of nine modules thatcan be used to supplement existing courses or can betaught together as a complete course.These modules are The Need for EVs, EV Safety, Introduction to Battery Chemistry, Battery Pack Integration with Vehicle Systems, Electric Machines (DC Motors, AD Induction Asynchronous Motors, Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor, and Switched Reluctance Motors), Power Inverter/Electronic Motor Controls, DC to DC Converters, Vehicle Accessory Systems, and Introduction to Advancing Technology (Fuel Cells, Ultra Capacitors, and Hydraulic Propulsion)
The following module consists of a PowerPoint presentation, two lab sheets, and a syllabus for modifying automotive engine courses to include HEV technologies and was developedthrough a seed grant from theCAAT. The PowerPoint discusses the application of variable valve timing (VVT) and Atkinson cycle principals to HEVs, and the extra hydrocarbon capturing devices added to HEVs due to the use VVT and Atkinson principles. The lab "Compression Testing VVT systems" reinforces the ideas of the presentation illustrating engine malfunctions caused by a faulty VVT system. For additional insight on HEV engine service procedures, an oil change lab sheet for HEVs is included. For educators looking to modify current courses, the syllabus has highlighted fields where HEV technologies were incorporated to an engines course at Lewis and Clark Community College.
This resource was developedthrough a seed grant from theCAAT and discusses the advanced air conditioningsystems placed inHEVsand safety precautions to follow when servicing them. These systems are high voltage A/C compressors and thecomponents controlling them (A/CECU, HV ECU,and Converter Control Circuit). Safety precautions discussed include Class 0 insulated gloves, insulated tools, color coding of wire looms to indicate voltage, CAT III and IV multimeter use, and properly disabling high voltage circuits. For educators looking to modify current courses, a syllabus is included with highlighted fields where HEVsystems and safety were incorporated into an existing automotive heating and cooling course at Lewis and Clark Community College.
These modules were originally presented to First Responders during a two-day workshop at the North Carolina Solar Center (now known as the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center) and were taught by National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium trained instructors. Three separate modules were used to educate them on the properties, technology, and safety precautions to take when working with alternative fuel vehicles utilizing gaseous fuels, biofuels, and electric drivetrains.
In this brochure, the European Aluminium Association (EAA) evaluates the need for vehicle lightweighting to reduce CO2 emissions. Since the 70's aluminum has been used for some car components (radiators, cylinder heads, and bumper beams), but now has grown to the average amount of 140 kg per car produced in Europe. Aluminum castings, extrusions, forgings and sheets can now be found nearly everywhere, including in car bodies, closures, chassis, suspensions and wheels. This resource explains why, now more than ever, reducing vehicle mass is necessary and how aluminum can be used to further improve the sustainability and the safety of future generations of cars.
Thismanual created by the European Aluminium Association is a comprehensive compilation of aluminum use in commercial applications. Discussed are application, design, joining, treatment, cleaning, repair, and various methods of processing aluminum. Although this report is of particular interest to design engineers, process engineers, repair managers and maintenance managers, it's also very useful to anyone interested in aluminum development and use in transportation.
A concise fact sheet on aluminum use in transport by the European Aluminium Association (EAA). Topics include applications (auto, air, marine, and rail), benefits, economic role, energy consumption, history, and sustainability.
This report by The Aluminum Association reviews the North American use of aluminum over the past 20 years in order to improve industry emissions, efficiency, recycling, and to address the challenges ahead in regards of sustainability. Challenges faced with sustainability include technological progress, energy and resource use, waste minimization and elimination, business operations, and product end-of-life ("design for recycling" and recycling incentives).
In this report funded by The Aluminum Associationand performed by IBIS Associates, the consumer's vehicle lifecycle cost for conventional gas, diesel, alternative fuel, and hybrid vehicles are compared using lightweight aluminum instead of steel. Since alternative fuel and hybrid vehicles are put at a cost disadvantage due to lower production, all studies were conducted with projected cost as if these vehicles were mass produced. Some factors affecting lifecycle cost are miles per gallon, materials, components, initial price, and maintenance. It's concluded that using aluminum in place of steel will lower the overall lifecycle price of all types of vehicles. However, in the current market the overall lifecycle cost of a conventional gas vehicle will still be less expensive than a hybrid vehicle despite the higher miles per gallon of the hybrid. IBIS has conducted studies for OEM, Tier 1, and material suppliers on material economics, manufacturing, operation, and disposal/recycle costs (slide4). For more info on IBIS visit http://ibisassociates.com.
This study was carried out by Ducker Worldwide and funded by The Aluminum Association to evaluate the aluminum content in 2012 model year vehicles and the projected aluminum content growth through 2025. To gather data and form projections, Ducker surveyed original equipment manufactures (OEMs) and The Aluminum Association to create a metallic materials database with 32,000 cells per light vehicle. Using their database and other information from OEMs, Ducker concluded in the 2012 model year the average weight of aluminum on light vehicles will be approximately 348lbs, 30% of hoods will be aluminum, and 50% of cast aluminum wheels will be sourced from China. To meet corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards in 2025 Ducker speculates vehicle aluminum content will grow by 80% (671lbs avg. truck and 451lbs avg. for cars), milled aluminum components will increase, 50% of hoods will be aluminum, and manifolds will be made from magnesium rather than aluminum. Based on this study's conclusions, it's clear that aluminum content in vehicles will continue to grow to meet CAFE standards by 2025. For more info on Ducker Worldwide, visit http://www.ducker.com/. Ducker has also performed studies for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE).
In this study funded by the Energy Foundation, performed by Lotus Engineering, and released by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), the potential mass reduction of a 2009 Toyota Venza is evaluated. Through advanced methodologies, Lotus replaces components with various high strength materials and reduces the quantity of components through integration. It's concluded in low development 21% mass may be reduced while cost is kept to 98% and in high development 38% mass may be reduced while cost is kept to 103%.
This study was performed by Dynamic Research, Inc. and funded by The Aluminum Association to evaluate the effects on safety when vehicle size and weight are varied. The tests carried out by Dynamic used a numerical model approach with data from the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) SUV crash database combined with FEM techniques created for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the U.S. Air Force. It was found increasing vehicle size, rather than reducing weight by 20%, created much safer collisions. Ideally, if a vehicle could be made lighter and longer, it would be safer and create fewer emissions due to weight reduction.
This presentation by Bob Feldmaier and Joe Petrosky of the Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) was presented at the 2013 ATE National Principal Investigators Conference during the workshop "Follow the Money: Strategies for Leveraging ATE Grant Funding" and describes how the CAAT strategically leverages grant funding. Discussed in the presentation is Macomb Community College(MCC), CAAT affiliations, the past and present auto industry, MCC's and the CAAT's response to the evolving auto industry, and MCC grants and their impact on the future electric vehicle business sector. This conference took place at the Omni Shoreham Hotel in Washington, D.C. from October 23-25, 2013 and featured many other presentations, workshops, etc. from other Advanced Technological Education (ATE) centers.
This presentation by Bob Feldmaier of the Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) was presented at the 2013 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo (ITEC'13): Components, Systems, and Power Electronics - From Technology to Business and Public Policy and provides a brief overview of the CAAT. Discussed in the presentation are the CAAT's purpose and strategic priorities, Macomb Community College's (MCC's) Electric Vehicle Development Technology Certificate, and continuing education and workforce development courses at MCC. This conference took place June 16 " 19, 2013 at the Adoba Hotel in Dearborn, MI and focused on current and future trends in transportation electrification.
This presentation by Bob Feldmaier of the Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) was presented at the 2013 conference Manufacturing the Nextgen Workforce and provides an overview of the CAAT. Discussed in the presentation are the CAAT's mission and strategic priorities, affiliations, Macomb Community College's (MCC's) automotive programs, and potential career pathways. This conference was hosted by Clemson University's science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) Workforce Development group and took place from 9/30/13 to 10/2/13 at the Charleston Area Convention Center in North Charleston, SC. This conference also featured presentations from other Advanced Technological Education (ATE) centers and educational institutions.
In this two year study funded by the California Energy Commission and S.D. Bechtel, a committee of individuals from major energy research institutions in California develops strategies to meet Executive Order S-3-05. Executive Order S-3-05 requires California to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. To accomplish this, CO2 levels will need to drop from 13 tons CO2e per capita (2005) to 1.6 tons CO2e per capita (2050) while the population continues to grow and energy use is expected to double. To offer a solution to this challenge, multiple "energy system portraits" are developed with combinations of nuclear, biomass, electricity, and fossil fuels with carbon capturing systems. It's concluded by applying key aggressive strategies and investing in multiple technologies, implementations, research, development, and innovation, California can meet executive order S-3-05.
This document contains test protocols to determine the performance and durability of fuel cell components such as electrocatalysts and supports, membranes, and membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs). These protocols were established with the intent to be used as a common industry standard when assessing durability of different polymer electrolyte membranes (PEM) in fuel cells for automotive applications and to be compared against DOE and FreedomCar targets. The resulting data may also help to model the performance of the fuel cell under variable load conditions and the effects of ageing on performance.
In this report funded by the World Bank and carried out by the firm PRTM, China's New Energy Program and 10 Cities 1000 Vehicles program are evaluated. China is on the forefront of electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) development leading the world in funding of new energy vehicles (100 billion RMB investments by 2021). Leading the development of new energy technologies is faced with challenges such as policy, grid solutions, standards, new business models, new technologies, and customer acceptance. This report reviews China's current energy programs and predicts future government and commercial changes to come due to new energy technologies.
In this study by the European Aluminium Association and FKA (Forschungsgesellschaft Kraftfahrwesen Aachen), a concept crash system for 40t trucks is developed based on the front end design used in the "APROSYS" study. The concept was built around European safety regulations in CAD software and simulated with an FE model using aluminum and steel. It was found that using an octagon shaped aluminum crush box would be the safest due to its characteristics of low weight, high energy absorption, and low technical complexity. Through additional testing it was also found if EU directive 96/53/EC could be modified to exclude cabin dimensions from its requirements, safer collisions for both parties would result.
This study evaluates whether the amendment which determines fuel economy targets based on vehicle footprint (wheel base by track width) to the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards creates an incentive for manufactures to produce larger vehicles. By using an "oligopolistic-equilibrium model" while considering a range of customer preferences, it is determined that this amendment does create an incentive for manufacturers to produce larger vehicles; especially in light trucks. By producing these larger vehicles, there are the negative effects of lower fuel economy, higher emissions, worse vehicle performance, and higher traffic safety risks.
The objective of this paper is to describe the development of an educational purpose computer-based simulator for Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) technology. The tremendous capital investment, tedious and time-consuming tasks required to establish a full function of HEV laboratory are convincing evidence that the HEV curriculum is in need of a low-cost, computer-based virtual HEV simulator. An interactive, LabVIEW-based simulation software was developed for different configurations of hybrid powertrains under several driving conditions. The developed software is capable of simulating, illustrating and displaying (on the PC-based screen) the multiple energy flows in the HEV based on its configuration and driving conditions. The software integrated with actuator assembles the simulator which serves as a hands-on experience unit for multidiscipline students enrolled in the HEV technology courses. The virtual HEV simulator not only enhances the HEV training and education, but also increases students' interest in the green movement of transportation.
This module isderived from thecourse "Intro to Mechatronics" at Lawrence Technological University and was developed through seed funding from theCAAT. This module contains a PowerPoint presentation and LabVIEW simulation file. In the presentation the following concepts are discussed: wheel/tire-terrain interactive dynamics (wheel loads, effective rolling radius, and power balance),inverse dynamics-based control (changing rolling conditions and angular velocity control),control strategies (loops and algorithms), andcontrol algorithms in the LabVIEW environment.
This two credit course offeredat Macomb Community College explains how sensors, communications technologies, computational ability, control, and feedback mechanisms can be effectively combined to create a continually adjusting smart grid system. It provides an understanding of both Intelligrid architecture and EnergyPort, as well as how to integrate intelligent systems to achieve the goals of reliability, cost containment, energy efficiency in power production and delivery, and end-use energy efficiency. Included educational materials for this course are presentations, reports, and a syllabus. Homework assignments and exams are not included. The course outline is as follows: review of right triangles, wooden poles, pole loading, what is the Smart Grid?, electric energy efficiency in power production and delivery, electric end use efficiency, using a Smart Grid to evolve the perfect power system, intelliGrid architecture for the Smart Grid, the dynamic energy system concept, and Smart Grid EnergyPort.
This three credit course offeredat Macomb Community Collegeprovides an introduction toalternating current (AC)motors, AC motor controls, and AC motor applications tobattery electric and hybrid electric vehicles (BEVs and HEVs). Course topics include fundamental concepts of electricity and magnetism, AC motors, traction motors, AC synchronous permanent magnet motors, HEV/BEV energy storage and control systems, adjustable frequency drives, and modeling of various components associated with electric drivevehicles in MatLab and Simulink software. Included educational materials for this course are a syllabus and PowerPoint presentations. Homework assignments and exams are not included. This course is required as a part of MCC's Electric VehicleDevelopmentTechnology Certificate and the course outline is as follows: introduction to single-phase motors, motor operation theory, basic motor controls, introduction to three phase motors, three-phase motor controls, theory of operation for adjustable frequency drives, configuring drive parameters, simulation of parameters using MatLab software, and simulation of electric vehicle parameters using Simulink software.
This three credit course offered at Macomb Community College emphasizes the architecture ofautomotive electronics with attention to electric vehicles and is a required course for MCC's Electric Vehicle DevelopmentTechnology Certificate. Topics included are review of electrical and electronics theory, vehicle network theory, vehicle controllers, automotive bus systems, On-Board Diagnostics(OBD) systems,controller area nework (CAN), sensors, actuators, and selected topics in power control. Using simulators, students will gain a broad knowledge of the networks used in an automotive system. Included educational materials for this course are classroom exercises, manuals, PowerPoint presentations, system specificguides, and syllabus. Homework assignments and exams are not included. The course outline is as follows: electrical and electronic systems in a vehicle, networking principles, vehicle network, bus systems, electronics systems architecture, electronic components in vehicles, control unit, automotive sensors, sensor measuring principles, sensor types, actuators,vehicle electrical systems, vehicle controllers, vehicle On-Board Diagnostics (OBD), andhybrid drives.
This resource contains presentations from a three credit course offered at Wayne State University focused on the following hybrid electricand electric vehicle (HEV/EV) technologies: concepts and design, energy analysis, unified model approach, hybridization, hybrid powertrain architectures, internal combustion engines for HEVs, transmissions used in HEVs, and on-board energy storage. At WSU, ET 3450 (Applied Calculus and Differential Equations) and PHY 2140 (General Physics) are prerequisites to this course. The presentation titles are: 1. Introduction of Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV/PHEV), 2. Overview of Vehicle Road Load, 3. Hybrid Powertrain Configurations, 4. Vehicle Electrification, 5. Hybrid Powertrain Components, 6. Overview of Electrically Variable Transmissions (EVT), 7. Electric Machines, 8. Power Electronics Pt. 1, 9. Power Electronics Pt. 2, 10. On-Board Energy Storage, Battery Cell Management, State Estimation, Cell Balancing, and Charging Schemes, 11. Battery Management Systems (BMS), 12. Fundamentals of Regenerative Braking, 13. Modeling and Simulation Software for Vehicle System and Driveline Analysis, and 14. HEV/PHEV/EV Future Trends.
This resource contains a PowerPoint presentation delivered by Doug Fertuck of the CAAT at the Michigan Electric Vehicle Show and Rally on Jun 7, 2014, at Schoolcraft College in Livonia, MI. This annual show is a public event targeted at electric vehicle (EV) owners and those considering ownership of a plug-in EV. The show offered the display of a wide variety of EVs and related products, the opportunity to discuss the experience of owning EVs with experts and other owners, test drives of many of the available EVs, and a session featuring speakers on several topics and a panel to answer the questions of those in attendance. During the panel session at the event, Doug Fertuck of the CAAT delivered the presentation included in this resource. The presentation discusses classifications of EVs, the many pros and cons of EV ownership, and EV market trends. Also included is the agenda from the event.
This research report was performed by Ricardo Inc. and funded by The Aluminum Association to evaluate the benefits of structural and powertrain weight reduction on vehicles with hybrid and electric powertrains. In the study, simulation tests were performed by changing structural weight and battery capacity to achieve a range of 40 and 80 miles. It was concluded by using lightweight structural components, vehicles with smaller and less expensive batteries would be able to travel the same range as vehicles with larger more expensive batteries and steel components. However, the extra costs of the lightweight structural components vs. the savings on batteries were not presented.
This resource contains 3D visualization modules on electric vehicle safety created through collaboration between the CAAT and another ATE Center, the Center for Aviation and Automotive Technical Education (CA2VES), located at Clemson University.
This presentation was developed by a member of MIT's electric vehicle team and provides a basic overview of electric and hybrid electric vehicle (EV and HEV) history, operation, challenges, and advantages. Discussed is EV/HEV history dating from 1830- 2010, the operation of EV/HEV systems (networking and sourcing of power throughout components), challenges (ranges, energy equivalence, consumer acceptance, charge time, grid integration, and cost), advantages (energy efficiency, fuel cost, and emissions), meeting challenges (convenient charging and improving technology), EV/HEV vehicles today (Chevrolet Volt, Tesla Roadster, and Fisker Karma), and MIT's electric vehicle team (projects, awards, and competitions). For more info on the MIT team visit http://web.mit.edu/evt/.
This module describes the current and ongoing dependence on oil fueled transportation and the alternatives being considered to solve the need for sustainable energy. The following topics are discussed in the module: the rising global dependence on oil and the need for new technologies to fuel transportation,emerging technologies being highly considered to replace oil such as electric, hybrid electric, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the advantages and disadvantages of each technology, and a comparison of the carbon footprint of each technology in writing and charts.Four review questions are supplied to test students on their knowledge of the material and to provide critical thinking as to their ideas for the future and solution for sustainable energy transportation.
This resource contains two reports that analyze several of Michigan's labor market measures in the energy and manufacturing industries. These measures include employment concentration, trends, forecasts, key occupations, education program completers, and workforce demographics. These reports are designed to be an additional tool to assist in the implementation of the Michigan Industry Cluster Approach (MICA). MICA focuses on aligning efforts " initiatives, programs, and funding " around priority clusters for a demand-driven workforce system. A key activity of MICA is the convening of groups of employers to identify and develop solutions to address workforce needs. The findings within these reports are intended to provide a road map that leads to stronger partnerships and a more effective workforce development system.
This resource contains a report on electric car charging presenting customer behaviors and their impact on the grid.
Countries around the world have implemented regulatory requirements to improve fuel economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles. These regulations encourage automakers to sell alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), which use fuels such as natural gas, electricity, hydrogen, and biofuels. Automakers are already making investments in developing and manufacturing AFVs. There are many challenges to increasing AFV market share and providing appropriate support of fueling infrastructure for these unconventional vehicles. The cost of installing new refueling infrastructure is high. The lack of available breadth of the fueling infrastructure is one factor which may reduce consumer acceptance and confidence in this new technology. Private rates of return from investing in such infrastructure can be low or negative for the private sector, and the required infrastructure spending may be in excess of the private sector's ability to finance. However, infrastructure for fueling may also have "public good" attributes, thereby providing a role for government funding. This paper describes several different types of alternative fuels and summarizes the existing infrastructure investments to support AFVs in several countries and one U.S. state (Brazil, China, the European Union, the United States, and California). This research offers a long run projection of what the likely future investment requirements would be, in order to support future AFV volumes. The authors have also included an assessment of the gap between what infrastructure investment is needed for successful growth of AFV sales and what has been built out so far, with particular attention to selected countries. Several examples of public financing programs and public-private partnerships to encourage sales of AFVs, construction of refueling infrastructure, and adoption of other environmental technologies are detailed. This paper will describe the costs and benefits of various funding models (e.g. tax incentives, government loan programs, convertible bonds, and joint ventures) which have been or could be put in place to support AFV infrastructure investment spending.
This module was created to educate first responders on the hazards of electric, hybrid, fuel cell, and other alternative fuel vehicles applying to collisions, fires, floods, and more. These materials were used in a four hour first responders training workshop developed by START (specialized training in advanced rescue techniques) and funded by theCAAT.
This free webinar was presented on October 2, 2014, anddiscussed how the Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) can support keeping your automotive, electronics, and IT curricula up-to-date. The CAAT's recent renewal through 2017 as a National Science Foundation (NSF) Advanced Technological Education (ATE) Center includes changes in its technical scope, adding new technologies: vehicle lightweight design and automated vehicles. These presentations documented the need for improved curricula in these technical areas. The CAAT also continues to focus on vehicle electrification and propulsion systems. In addition, the webinar included highlights from the 2014 CAAT Conference, held earlier this year, which addressed the future of automotive technology as presented by several well-known industry experts.As part of the webinar, we solicited proposals to apply for the additional seed funding the CAAT now controls to develop curricula in these subjects. The seed funding portion of the agenda included brief presentations from two current seed funding project developers so that potential applicants can understand better the types of projects suitable for seed funding support.
This Analyst Note by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) discusses past and current all-wheel drive (AWD) and four-wheel drive (4WD) technologies and provides a look at present and future systems. These systems include hybrid AWD configurations that increase performance and efficiency as countries implement stricter emission standards. Also discussed are traction control, cost, and market perceptions. Analyst Notes were created by PwC to provide insightful analysis on the global automotive sector in a concise, easily-digestible format.
A short (approximately 10 minutes) classroom activity to help students visualize the flow of electrons through a circuit. A worksheet with questions and answers is included. The materials needed for this activity are: colored construction paper,markers,candy (optional),two D-size batteries,small light bulb in a light bulb holder (available at hardware stores),and wire to connect the batteries to the light bulb holder
This module consists of a presentation and lab both concerning HEV safety and were developed to enhance automotive courses with HEV technologies through a seed grant from theCAAT. Some safety considerations discussed are wire sheathing color, safety gloves, insulated tools, multimeters, high voltage disabling procedures, and HEV smart keys. The lab will familiarize technicians with the safety precautions associated with working on HEVs such as dealing with high voltage and isolating these potentially dangerous circuits.
The following labs were developed by Lewis and Clark Community College to modify National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation (NATEF) certified courses with HEV technologies. This project was funded by a seed grant from theCAAT.
This module consists of a PowerPoint presentation, lab sheet, and syllabidiscussing HEVs' braking and steering systems. These materials are derived from three coursesoffered at Lewis and Clark Community College on automotive alignment, braking, and steering systems and were developed through a seed grant from theCAAT. The presentation discusses the circuitry and operations forHEV braking and steering systems, variations from traditional braking and steering power assist, and how to service brake pads on a Ford Escape Hybrid. The lab sheet should familiarize students with the variations and similarities between hybrid and conventional systems when servicing aHEV's brake pads such as placing the vehicle in "Pad Service Mode." The provided syllabi includes highlighted sections where these HEV technologies were incorporated into alignment, brakes, and suspension courses at Lewis and Clark Community College.
This resource was developed by Lansing Community College (LCC) to educate first responders, technicians, and the general public on the operation, technology, and safety concerns related to electric and hybrid electric vehicles (EVs and HEVs). The materials included were used in three separate clinics hosted at LCC and were developed with seed funding from the CAAT. Included materials are four presentations, an EV/HEV identification lab, and two additional documents relating to electricity and EV/HEV batteries. The titles of the three clinics are as follows: (1) Hybrid and Electric Vehicle First Responder Procedures, (2) Service Hybrid Vehicles Safely, and (3) Hybrid and Electric Drive Trains and Types of Batteries.
This research report was performed by Ricardo Inc. and funded by The Aluminum Association to evaluate miles per gallon (MPG) gains by using lightweight aluminum in gas and diesel vehicles. In the study, physics models were developed using MSC.Easy 5 simulation software with production cars and trucks from 2008 as base models. These simulation models were compared to base models by reducing engine size and vehicle weight by 5%, 10%, and 20%. Overall it's concluded that reducing engine size results in greater fuel economy than reducing vehicle weight. Other observations are weight reduction produces higher fuel economy at speeds lower than 30 mph compared to higher speeds due to tractive force, reducing engine displacement raises brake mean effective pressure resulting in higher MPG and engine efficiency, and truck engines cannot be downsized as much as cars due to performance demands when under load, thus benefitting more from weight reduction.
In this study funded by The Aluminum Association, Ricardo evaluates class 8 truck and trailer fuel economy improvements through the implementation of lightweight materials. All tests were performed in simulations utilizing published and Ricardo proprietary data within three drive cycles. It's concluded when comparing an aluminum intensive truck to a steel intensive truck, that the aluminum truck has a 1%-6% increase in fuel economy with an unloaded trailer and 2%-5% increase in fuel economy with a half loaded trailer (40,000 lbs. GVW).
World competition and stringent United States fuel economy goals, and emission regulations for the 21st century vehicles, have pressured the automotive industry to design and evaluate advanced automobiles at an accelerated rate. The industry consensus is that the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) represents the currently available technology for increasing propulsion system efficiency and decreasing pollutant emissions. However, HEVs operate much differently than conventional vehicles. Therefore, existing design techniques and guidelines developed for conventional powertrains do not apply well to hybrid vehicles. There is a need for training automotive technicians and engineers as well as educating students in this new and emergent technology of HEV. This paper describes a funded project whose goal is to fill this need by developing integrated learning system for HEV technology. This project targets engineering/engineering technology students in 4-year universities, automotive technology students in community colleges, automotive engineers and technicians in industries, and technology teachers in secondary schools.
This resource contains a technical report on ITS's strategic plan for the years 2015 to 2019 and presents a wide array of technical, policy, institutional, and organizational concepts.
This ITS ePrimer provides transportation professionals with fundamental concepts and practices related to ITS technologies. This resource can help practicing professionals and students better understand how ITS is integrated into the planning, design, deployment, and operations of surface transportation systems. The ePrimer is both a stand-alone reference document for the practitioner as well as a text for education and training programs.
- Material Type:
- Case Study
- Data Set
- Full Course
- Lecture Notes
- Lesson Plan
- Unit of Study
- Center for Automotive Technology - Macomb
- Provider Set:
- Center for Advanced Automotive Technology
- Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office, U.S. Department of Transportation
- Date Added:
This PowerPoint presentation was delivered by Anthony Tisler from the Michigan Academy for Green Mobility Alliance (MAGMA) at the Utica Community Schools' Professional Development Day for Teachers in the Industrial Arts/Engineering Pathway, held at the Instructional Resource Center in Sterling Heights, MI on April 15, 2014. The presentation provides information on electric vehicle architecture and components. It is a great tool for introducing students at the high school or college level to various battery electric vehicle (BEV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) components, configurations, and operation.
This course was developed by Dr. Vladimir V. Vantsevich through seed funding from CAAT and is offered at Lawrence Technical Institute as a 3 credit senior level mechanical engineering course. Included in this course are PowerPoint presentations, labs, assignments (no solutions), and syllabus. If you're an instructor and need access to solutions, please contact theCAAT. The course focuses onhybrid electricandelectric vehicle (HEV/EV)mechatronics and components, power flow and management, power storage and design, engineering problems faced when engineering HEV drivetrain systems, and applications for commercial, industrial, and military use. The labs and workshops provide students with hands-on experience using 4x4 dynamometers, hydraulically-controlled systems, and simulation software. For a more comprehensive summary of the course, please refer to the syllabus.
In this report presented at a California Air Resources Board (CARB) workshop by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), the relationship between mass, size, safety, and materials are examined. After describing the factors influencing vehicle safety (drivers and environment, size and weight, crashworthiness, and materials), solutions to safer vehicles are presented. It is determined to improve safety, mass should be reduced through the use of lighter high-strength materials (aluminum and steel), while also improving vehicle geometry and design to absorb impact. An example of improved safety through high strength-materials and geometry is illustrated with design changes Honda has made to the Civic (05-06 models). Also compared in this report are material and safety studies by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
This resource contains the presentations from the seminar, "Lightweighting: The Implications for Automotive Design Development," which was sponsored by the American Society of Body Engineers Foundation (asbe) with support from the CAAT.
This resource contains a set of eleven modules and supporting labs developed by Grand Valley State University and Muskegon Community College concerning processes for the remanufacturing, repurposing, and recycling of advanced energy storage systems. They were developed for use in community college and university programs as well as on-the job training through seed funding from the CAAT. Included with each module is an overview of the topic and lab activities with review questions (instructor version with solutions included).
This presentation is a general overview of theconcepts and technologies incorporated intohybrid electricvehicles (HEVs). These materials are used in the course, "Intro to Mechatronics" at Lawrence Technological University and were developed through seed funding from theCAAT. The following topics are discussed:hybrid powertrain configurations (series, parallel, and series-parallel),hybrid types (mild, medium, and full),components (mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic), andoperating modes (start-stop and regenerative).
This report provides a substantive analysis of the automotive assets and resources that continue to make Michigan the global epicenter of the industry and the preferred location for automotive investment. It is designed to be used by economic development entities across the state to help business and investment attraction efforts. This report received a Michigan Economic Developers Association (MEDA) award in September 2013.
This lab is part of the course "Intro to Mechatronics" at Lawrence Technological University and was developed through seed funding from theCAAT. In the lab students are introduced to the use of planetary gearsets and their application tohybrid electric vehicle(HEV) transmissions. Students are first familiarized with the planetary gearset equation and then use MAT Lab software to visualize the relationship between input data and the resulting output torque and speed through the gear set. All MAT Lab files are included.
This resource containssyllabi developed by Lewis and Clark Community College to modify National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation(NATEF) certified courses with HEV technologies. This project was funded by a seed grant from theCAAT. The modified courses include the following: (1) AUTO 140 - OrientaiontoAutomotive Technology, (2)AUTO 141 - Introductionto Automotive Engine Performanceand Repair, (3)AUTO 143 - Introductionto Alignment, Suspension, Steeringand Brakes, (4)AUTO 145 - Introductionto Automotive Electrical, Heatingand Air Conditioning, (5)AUTO 147 - Introductionto Automaticand Manual Transmissionsand Drivlines, (6)AUTO 241 - Automotive Engine Repair, (7)AUTO242 - Automotive Engine Performance, (8)AUTO 243 - Brake Systems Diagnosisand Repair, (9)AUTO 244 - Alignment, Suspension,and Steering, (10)AUTO 245 - Automotive Heating, Coolingand Air Conditioning, (11)AUTO 246 - Electrical Systems: Diagnosisand Repair, (12)AUTO 248 - Automatic Transmissionsand Transaxles, and (13)AUTO 279 - Advanced Engine Performance
During the ongoing development of the 2017-2025 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, the non-profit organization CERES commissioned the firm Management Information Services, Inc. to investigate the U.S. economic impacts of higher fuel economy and emissions standards. Using MISI modeling and data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and U.S. Treasury Department, multiple regulatory scenarios are run to determine the economic impacts of these standards. It is found that in all modeling scenarios stricter CAFE standards will have a positive impact on the U.S. economy. Some of the positive effects modeled in the year 2030 are job gains in 49 states, spending shifting away from the oil industry, and gross domestic product increases nationwide. Ceres leads a national coalition of investors, environmental organizations, and other public interest groups working with companies to address sustainability challenges such as global climate change and water scarcity.
In this brochure the European Aluminium Association (EAA) outlines the advantages of aluminum use in road transport. These advantages include environmental, revenue, energy, material composition, recycling, sustainability, and safety.
This resource contains a chart describing the components of electrified vehicle systems based on the vehicle drive system. Vehicle drive systems in the chart include conventional internal combustion engine, start/stop, mild hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), medium HEV, full HEV, plug-in series HEV, and battery electric vehicle. The chart is provided in both .jpg and .ppt (PowerPoint) formats.
This PowerPoint presentationand labprovide a general overview of HEVsand thetechnologies powering them. Both were developed to enhance automotive courses with HEV technologies through seed funding from theCAAT. The included slides reflect these changes made for HEV technologies. This resource has two areas of focus: HEV theory of operation and safety and service procedures.The following subjects are discussed: Types of HEV systems (Ex: parallel, series, andseries-parallel), safety when working with HEVs (Ex: isolating systems/disable high voltage circuits, high voltage gloves,and insulated tools), testing HEV components (Ex: insulation tests),differences between similar components of standard vehicles and HEV (Ex: intake, motor and transaxle integration), power steering, regenerative braking, and correct service procedures for HEV components (Ex: battery, jump start, multimeter use, and oil change). Differences between types of hybrid systems are compared for the Chevy Volt, Ford Escape Hybrid, and Toyota Prius. After viewing this presentation, a technician should have a basic understanding of HEVs and their differences from traditional vehicles when servicing.
This module consists of a PowerPoint presentation, labs, and syllabus designed to enhance automotive electrical courses with HEV technologiesand was developed through seed funding from theCAAT. The PowerPointprovides a general overview ofHEVs and thetechnologies powering them. It's 190 slides and has two areas of focus: basic theory of operation and safety and service procedures. The following subjects are discussed: types of HEV systems (Ex: parallel, series, andseries-parallel),safety when working with HEVs (Ex: isolating systems/disable high voltage circuits, high voltage gloves, and insulated tools), testing HEV components (Ex: insulation tests),electrical differences between similar components of standard vehicles and HEVs (Ex: voltage, starter,and air conditioning), transaxle integration,power steering, regenerative braking, and correct service procedures for HEV components (Ex: battery, jump start, andmultimeter use).Differences between types of hybrid systems are compared for the Chevy Volt, Ford Escape Hybrid, and Toyota Prius. After viewing this presentation, a technician should have a basic understanding of HEVs' electrical systems and their differences from traditional vehicles when servicing. The labs supplementing the presentation cover HEV battery information, safety, system overview,insulation testing,and jump starting.For educators looking to modify current courses, the syllabus has highlighted fields where HEVtechnologies wereincorporated into an automotive electrical course at Lewis and Clark Community College.
This module consists of a lab, PowerPoint presentation, and modified syllabus which all relate to Toyota's continuously variableHEV transmission. All materials were developed under a seed grant from theCAAT. The PowerPoint discusses the following:the use of a dry dampener in place of a torque converter,the various roles and controls of each motor in the transmission, structure and efficiency of motor magnets by angle orientation, speed sensor operation through magnets and coils, and power flow through the internal combustion engine, electric motors, batteries, transmission, and invertor under various driving conditions.The lab is intended to familiarize technicians with common service point locations and procedures on a Prius Hybrid (2003-2011) such as coolant bleed and fill (engine and inverter), transmission fluid drain and fill,high voltage wiring, auxiliary battery and precautions, and activating Inspection Mode. For educators looking to modify current courses, the syllabus has highlighted fields wherethe HEV transmission wasincorporated into an automotive transmissions and transaxles course at Lewis and Clark Community College.
This is a syllabus for a four credit course offered at Macomb Community College that integrates multiple design disciplines with emphasis on problem solving, time and team management, and process changes. Upon completion of this course, the following abilities can be expected of students: (1) present ideas in a team environment and complete a group concept, (2) utilize research techniques, and (3) utilize design skills.
Calls for the closer integration of science in political decision-making have been commonplace for decades. However, there are serious problems in the application of science to policy " from energy to health and environment to education. To address these problems this article suggests to improve policy-makers' understanding of the imperfect nature of science through the understanding of 20 key concepts. An understanding of these concepts promotes improving interpretive scientific skills which allow policy makers to intelligently interrogate experts and advisers, and to understand the quality, limitations and biases of evidence. These skills are more accessible than those required to understand the fundamental science itself, and can form part of the broad skill set of most politicians and other professions. These concepts should be part of the education of civil servants, politicians, policy advisers and journalists " and anyone else who may have to interact with science or scientists. Although this article is geared towards politicians, it provides an outstanding summary of how to talk and inquire about science and technology issues for anyone involved in technology at pretty much any level.
This resource contains a PowerPoint presentation delivered by Doug Fertuck of the Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) at the 2014 Michigan Association of Continuing Education and Training (MACET) Summer Conference on August 1, 2014. Discussed in the presentation is how the CAAT provides curricula in advanced automotive engineering technology for middle-skill technicians by working closely with industry to identify future education and training requirements, funding projects to develop new curricula demanded by industry, and housing and disseminating the latest curricula to schools.
This resource contains a webinar presented by the Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT), on April 17, 2014. It discusses how the CAAT provides curricula in advanced automotive and engineering technology for middle-skill technicians.
In this study a green job creation model for 2030 is formed by analyzing 15 other studies on renewable energy, energy efficiency, carbon capture and storage, and nuclear power. Job data is normalized using average employment per unit energy of plant lifetime. Job losses for coal and natural gas are also considered. It is found non-fossil fuel technologies produce more jobs per energy unit than coal and natural gas. If correct measures are taken, over 4 million full time clean energy jobs may be created by 2030.
This four credit course offered at Macomb Community College analyzes and evaluates hydrogen fuel cell technology. Topics include hydrogen safety, storage, production, codes, regulations, and standards associated with hydrogen. This course also discusses the history of fuel cells, current applications, future use, fuel cell structures, operations, and classifications. Included educational materials for this course are the first day handout, syllabus, weekly lesson plans, homework, PowerPoint presentations with instructor notes, and sample exams. Solutions are not provided with any materials. If you're an instructor and would like complete exams or solutions, please contact the CAAT. This course is composed of sixteen modules that can be used to supplement existing courses or can be taught together as a complete course. Module subjects include the following: (1) hydrogen safety, (2) hydrogen production, (3) hydrogen storage, (4) hydrogen comparison to conventional fuels, (5) hydrogen state codes, standards, and regulations, (6) hydrogen national codes, standards, and regulations, (7) hydrogen international codes, standards, and regulations, (8) review and midterm, (9) fuel cell relevance and definition, (10) fuel cell operation, (11) electrical components and ratings for fuel cells, (12) history of fuel cells, (13) state and national government initiatives, (14) fuel cell types, (15) fuel cell applications, and (16) review and final exam.
In this module released by General Motors Education, students (grades 3-5) learn about the science of electricity and its application to the auto industry. Included are three lesson plans (2-3 class periods each), worksheets, teacher's guide, and an interactive online digital magazine. Lesson plans include the following topics: (1) energy sources (renewable and non-renewable), energy technology, and measuring carbon footprints, (2) battery technology, simple circuits, and the potential impact of battery use in vehicles, and (3) innovation, the impact of innovations such as electric cars, and creating innovations.