The Division of STD Prevention of the US Centers for Disease Control has recently released this update (MMWR 1998;47(No. RR-1)) to the 1993 set of guidelines with the same title. The guidelines were developed by CDC staff after consultation with a "group of invited experts" in early 1997. Included are sections on various sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, Genital Ulcers, Epididymitis, Human Papillomavirus Infection, and vaccine preventable STDs, among others. Guideline evidence is briefly discussed in each section of the report, and the CDC is committed to providing "more comprehensive, annotated discussions of such evidence...in background papers that will be published in 1998." Note that in the HTML version of the report, some of the interior links within chapters are inaccurate. In those cases, it is prudent to click on the section headings to find the relevant information.
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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have made this publication (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) available. It graphically illustrates eighteen causes of mortality in the US from 1988-1992. Mortality is broken down geographically (by CDC Health Service Areas) for such causes as heart disease, various cancers, stroke, motor vehicle injuries, and homicide, among others. Interested users should study the introductory chapter (particularly the Reader's Guide) for a full explanation of how the maps work. These are color graded maps, so a color printer is crucial to those users who wish to print sections of the atlas.
RFSS is the nation's premier system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. BRFSS collects data in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia and three U.S. territories. BRFSS completes more than 400,000 adult interviews each year, making it the largest continuously conducted health survey system in the world. These tools allow the user to perform various analyses and display the data in different means.
This publication describes the combinations of standard and special microbiological practices, safety equipment, and facilities constituting Biosafety Levels 1-4, which are recommended for work with a variety of infectious agents in various laboratory settings. These recommendations are advisory. They are intended to provide a voluntary guide or code of practice as well as goals for upgrading operations. They also are offered as a guide and reference in the construction of new laboratory facilities and in the renovation of existing facilities.
Released on April 29, 1999, this new Department of Health and Human Services report reveals that the US birth rate has dropped to a record low, due in part to a continuing decline in the teen birth rate. The birth rate for fifteen to nineteen year-olds has declined for six straight years, falling sixteen percent between 1991 and 1997. The report, presented in .pdf format, offers a comprehensive look at birth and fertility patterns based on the latest data for the nation and each state. In addition, it addresses topics such as maternal lifestyle, medical services utilization, and infant health. References and technical notes are also provided.
This National Vital Statistics Report presents final data for 1998 on US births according to "a wide variety of maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics; medical care utilization; and infant health characteristics." Also presented are birth and fertility rates according to a number of relevant demographic factors. The report states that births in the United States increased two percent in 1998, the first increase since 1990.
The National Center for Health Statistics recently released this 102-page report containing data on the 4 million US births in 2000. The report states that the birth rate increased by 3 percent in 2000, marking the first time in almost 30 years that "the total fertility rate was above 'replacement.'" Information about demographic characteristics, maternal lifestyle and health, medical services utilization, and infant health are discussed. The report is provided in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format and includes data collection methods, references, and many data tables.
On Tuesday, the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) released preliminary data on US births, including numbers that show the birth rate for teen mothers has declined to a 60-year low. "The preliminary report also found a drop in the number of births to unmarried teens, record high levels of women receiving early prenatal care, a rise in the cesarean delivery rate, and no improvement in the percent of infants born at low birthweight." In additional to aggregate national numbers for birth rates and newborn health conditions, the report breaks down the data by state, race, and age. A press release is offered at the NCHS Website with a link to the full report in .pdf.
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) released preliminary mortality statistics for 1998. According to the report, "rates for AIDS deaths, homicide, and teen births all dropped again in 1998, but the U.S. infant mortality rate leveled off after years of decline." However, the report also finds that HIV remains the leading cause of death among African-American men ages 25-44 and the third leading cause of death among African-American women in the same age group.
This interactive Web site from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encourages kids to be healthy in body and mind. The activities are designed to complement the type of health and science lessons that are currently taught in many middle school and high school classrooms. The Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) lesson plans include a pre-assessment to help teachers determine which of the activities are most appropriate for their students, and National Education Standards are identified where applicable. Students will also enjoy this Web site with its variety of activities, games, and quizzes (many of which can also be printed).
Cancer continues to be of paramount concern to citizens across the United States, and the Center for Disease Control has developed this well laid out site to inform the general public about the numerous forms of the disease, along with providing data about state and national statistics regarding the most prevalent forms of the disease. Some of the more compelling material released on the site includes a slide presentation on screening for prostate cancer and the Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2000. Visitors looking for information on specific types of cancer will want to visit the Topic Areas section which features detailed profiles and research information about breast, cervical, ovarian, and skin cancers. Those looking for statistical information will want to peruse the national data section that contains highly specific information about the incidence of various types of cancer throughout the United States. Additionally, data on cancer incidence by states is also available for consideration here as well.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes reams of data every day of the year, and this website is a nice place to find germane information quickly with relatively little fuss. At the top of the page, visitors can view press releases that digest recent findings on depression, cancer deaths, the norovirus illness, and brain injury. These reports date back to June 2007, and include summary statistics, along with a narrative description of the findings for each topic. The descriptions are written in non-technical language that can be utilized by journalists, students, and those working in the field of public health. Some of the more recent features include Top 10 Cancers Among Men, Lung Cancer, Obesity Rates, and Painkiller Overdoses. Overall, this is a great resource and one that visitors can keep tabs on via the CDC's social media, which includes a RSS or Twitter feed.
Created in 1997, the Office of Public Health Genomics (OPHG) was established "to integrate genomics into public health research, policy, and programs, which could improve interventions designed to prevent and control the country's leading chronic, infectious, environmental, and occupational diseases." Visitors to the site should start by looking over their "Focus Areas", which include "Genomics and Health", "Family Health History", and "Genetic Testing". The "Genomics and Health" area is a great place to begin looking through the site, as it contains materials that explain the relationship between genetic history and family health. Here visitors will find activities that explain and illuminate environmental health, hereditary blood disorders, and pediatric genetics. Also, the site includes a "For Health Professionals" area which is perfect for current public health practitioners and those teaching about these subjects. Rounding out the site is their "Genomics and Health Impact" blog, which is definitely worth a look.
- Life Science
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- Lesson Plan
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- AMSER: Applied Math and Science Education Repository
- Centers For Disease Control and Prevention
- Internet Scout Project
- Provider Set:
- AMSER: Applied Math and Science Education Repository
- Internet Scout Project
Reason for mild optimism, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report "Recent Trends in Mortality Rates for Four Major Cancers, by Sex and Race/Ethnicity -- United States, 1990-1998" does give one cause for hope in the ongoing fight against cancer. Tracking four major cancers by racial/ethnic type and gender, the report reveals that cancer mortality has declined slightly overall across the general population of the United States. Alarming, however, is the striking statistical disparity between cancer rates for white and African Americans. For, while white Americans outnumber African Americans by a ratio of 5 to 1, government tracking reveals that the latter group consistently suffers the highest death rates for the four most prevalent forms (lung, colorectal, prostate and breast) of cancer. Particularly troubling are the tables indicating that African American women are more than twice as likely to succumb to breast cancer as white women, and that the same is true for the same racial groups regarding the occurrence of prostate cancer.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention TV site (CDC TV) offers up a range of videos created to provide expert commentary and news updates on a variety of health, safety, and preparedness topics. First-time visitors may wish to browse around through the Most Recent videos which include short meditations on "Healthy Snacking in Philadelphia" and "Smoke-free Multiunit Housing." The site also has topical collections that include Parents & Children and Flu. Videos range in length, but most are around 3 minutes long and a number are available in Spanish. For interested parties, the site also has some special multi-part features, including "The Story of Folic Acid Fortification."
For travelers concerned about possible exposure to both tropical and other diseases, the CDC Travel Information page provides timely information on the current distribution of many human pathogens, recent outbreaks, and recommended vaccinations for travel.
This Web site contains the most recent West Nile virus data from the Centers for Disease Control. The main features include a 2003 Human Case Count and updated maps representing the spread of the virus. A downloadable document outlines the CDC's West Nile virus surveillance and control program, which involves weekly data collection for wild birds, sentinel chicken flocks, human cases, veterinary cases, and mosquito surveillance. The site also provides links to general information about the virus, from the ecology and virology of West Nile to epidemiological and laboratory issues.
As more and more Americans are diagnosed with diabetes, this resource page that is provided by the Center for Disease Control will be of great help to persons with diabetes and those hoping to learn how to prevent the onset of this condition. The site includes important fact sheets (updated for the year 2002) about the increase in diabetes over the past decade and detailed explanation of the four main types of diabetes. Persons in the field of public health will appreciate the section devoted to describing the CDC's current diabetes projects they sponsor, such as the Appalachian Diabetes Prevention Program and National Diabetes Awareness Month. For persons looking for more local preventive and educational programs, a complete list of state-facilitated diabetes programs is also provided.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has created this uniformly excellent site to help the general public learn about the H1N1 flu. The homepage is well-organized, and it contains helpful social networking buttons, along with direct links to email updates, and their RSS feed. Here, visitors can also read the "Situation Update" section, which includes a map of the United States showing the weekly flu activity estimate maps and a number of other charts and tables. The site is chock-full of other helpful resources, including a section dedicated to "General Info" about the flu, information about vaccinations for individuals and public health officials, and a "What's New" area. The site is rounded out by a selection of podcasts and video clips.
The CDC Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) website provides access to a broad array of public health information. From the WONDER website, users can search for and read published documents on public health concerns, including reports, recommendations and guidelines, articles and statistical research data published by CDC, as well as reference materials and bibliographies on health-related topics. Users can also query numeric data sets on CDC's mainframe and other computers, via "fill-in-the blank" web pages. Data sets include mortality (deaths), cancer incidence, HIV and AIDS, behavioral risk factors, diabetes, natality (births), census data and many other topics.