The future of cities is the subject of much hand-wringing in urban policy circles. As of late, a popular topic has been the concept of urban "resilience" and the Rockefeller Foundation has taken this matter on with its 100 Resilient Cities initiative. On its website, first-time visitors should first explore the "What is Resilience?" area. Here, the topic is explained in detail and an infographic links to a number of helpful resources. Moving on, visitors can explore the foundation's blog and some of the Most Read entries, such as "The Five Fastest Growing Cities" and "Slumdog Urbanism." Each entry features a comments section that allows visitors to chime in with their own thoughts on resilience in the 21st century. The site is rounded out with a nice subscription feature, allowing readers the opportunity to receive email updates once new material is published on the site.
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In 1895, the initial framework was in place for what would later become the University of Wisconsin's Library School. Now known as the School of Library and Information Studies (SLIS), the School continues to honor the traditions of librarianship, while incorporating the modern technologies that continue to push the discipline and profession forward. This particular collection of digital images documents the activities of students in the library school from the 1910s to the 1960s. Created by students in SLIS, the program includes digital images culled from yearlogs assembled by previous generations of students. Here visitors can browse the collection by people, year, place, or activity. Some of the photos include class pictures, May Day celebrations, and numerous images of faculty members and even the former home of the school, which for a number of years was a converted fraternity house on campus.
The British Prime Minister's Office has recently opened a web site, 10 Downing Street. Although it does contain selected Prime Minister's speeches, transcripts, and interviews, Prime Minister's biographies (back to Harold Macmillan at present), and a tour of #10, its greatest utility is as an entry point to British executive department government sites. The Cabinet Ministers' Biography section contains information on 23 ministers and links to cabinet web sites. There is also a page of government department pointers.
This site is a recent addition to an exitsing Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory Project (last reviewed in the April 30, 1999 Scout Report) collection. The 1562 Map of America by Diego Gutierrez has been placed on the Discovery and Exploration Maps Collection page. Truly one of the LOC's greatest treasures, this handsomely engraved 1562 map of the Americas comes complete with images of sea monsters, exotic wildlife, and an erupting volcano. A very nice essay by a senior LOC Bibliographer on the map and its origins is also provided.
This report, recently released by the Wilderness Society, describes the "15 most endangered wild lands" and the threats to each. The list includes Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Badger-Two Medicine, Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge, Cascade Crest, Cumberland Island National Seashore, Izembek National Wildlife Refuge, Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges, Mojave Desert, Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Owyhee Canyonlands, Petroglyph National Monument, Routt National Forest, Utah Wilderness, and Western Maine Woods.
In 1948, Melville J. Herskovits established the African Studies program at Northwestern University. It was the first of its kind at a major research university in the United States, and since its creation, it has also been actively involved with collecting historic maps of Africa. This particular online collection draws on this legacy of preservation and acquisition, and all told, it contains 113 antique maps of Africa dating from the middle of the sixteenth century to the early twentieth century. Visitors can utilize a search engine to look through the maps, or they may also browse by title, cartographer, or date. There are a number of real finds here, including Frederik de Wit's 1708 map of North Africa (titled "Barbaria") and an early map of Zanzibar from 1740.
The University of Missouri Digital Library has a range of digital collections covering much of the fine Show Me State, along with other regions of the United States and the globe. This particular collection brings together key documents that tell the story of British religious, legal, and political history from the 1600s to the 1800s. Visitors can browse at their leisure or perform complex searches across the entire collection. It is impressive indeed, as it contains over 20,000 items that were purchased by the university beginning in 1943. Many of these documents were published anonymously, due to their possibly inflammatory and controversial subject matter. It's fun to just look around, as visitors can find items like the 1642 pamphlet "What kinds of Parliament will please the King" and 1643's "A Second Complaint: being an honest letter to a doubtfull friend, about the rifling of the twentieth part of his estate." [KMG]
The University of Houston has increased its digital offerings in recent years to allow visitors to make their way through everything from home retail pamphlets from the 1920s to copper plate engravings from Theodor de Bry's "Grandes Voyages." This particular collection offers users access to 80 different menus from the 1850s and 1860s. The menus are taken from establishments that were located all over the country, such as the American Hotel in Buffalo and the Allyn House in Hartford. It's quite a revelation to learn that on March 5, 1859, the patrons at the Allyn House would have had access to over 35 menu options, including oyster fritters and halibut. Culinary historians and gastronomy types will have a field day with these menus, which might inspire a rather elaborate repast.
The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago hosts this online exhibition devoted to the photographs taken by Professor James Henry Breasted and his colleagues in Nubia during the years 1905-1907. In Breasted's time, many Egyptologists were interested in recovering only buried artifacts. However, Breasted focused on preserving and documenting the historical treasures found above ground before they became too weathered. Breasted's excursions resulted in the printing of 1,055 photographs, which are now displayed digitally (high or low resolution .gif) at this fascinating Website. a catalog and map are also featured.
As a formative and pivotal moment in Irish history, the 1916 Rising has commanded the attention of many historians over the past nine decades. Recently, the National Library of Ireland created this engaging online exhibit about these events. In total, this resource includes over 500 images drawn from the Library's books, newspapers, drawings, and proclamations. The actual exhibit itself moves visitors through sections that provide a basic outline of Irish history, and then move through the events over the following centuries that would lead up to the Uprising itself. Perhaps the finest moments of the collection are contained within the last few sections, where visitors learn about the fate of those who were arrested due to their activities during the Uprising.
The New York Public Library's excellent online exhibit on the year of gay liberation opens with an inviting digital poster with all the names of the gay liberation groups represented in the exhibit. Visitors can click anywhere on the poster to enter the exhibit. Take a look at the "Introduction" to learn about the history of gay liberation groups. About half a dozen or so of the groups are featured on the left side of the page, and the visitor can click on each one to read the story of their involvement in the gay liberation movement. Visitors who will be in New York City July through November can catch the "Traveling Panel Exhibition" at various libraries throughout the city, however, those visitors who won't be anywhere near the Big Apple during those months, can "Download a PDF of the Panel Exhibition". Finally, visitors should definitely not miss out on the link to the "LGBT Resources at the NYPL", located in the lower left hand corner of the page. There are collections devoted to LGBT health, seniors, history and teens, as well as a list of other digital collections that are available.
USAID, the US Agency for International Development, has recently released a key document online. This document, the agency's annual report, can be downloaded as a single document or by chapter in .pdf format. The report evaluates the progress of USAID programs in over 100 countries worldwide. Chapters explore topics such as Economic Growth and Agricultural Development; Population, Health and Nutrition; Environment; and Humanitarian Assistance. Annexes include USAID Agency Evaluations and Country Development Trends.
The Division of STD Prevention of the US Centers for Disease Control has recently released this update (MMWR 1998;47(No. RR-1)) to the 1993 set of guidelines with the same title. The guidelines were developed by CDC staff after consultation with a "group of invited experts" in early 1997. Included are sections on various sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, Genital Ulcers, Epididymitis, Human Papillomavirus Infection, and vaccine preventable STDs, among others. Guideline evidence is briefly discussed in each section of the report, and the CDC is committed to providing "more comprehensive, annotated discussions of such evidence...in background papers that will be published in 1998." Note that in the HTML version of the report, some of the interior links within chapters are inaccurate. In those cases, it is prudent to click on the section headings to find the relevant information.
NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has released its 1998 Hurricane Season wrap-up data. Contained within the wrap-up are several impressive images, including a ten-day montage image of Hurricane George as it made its deadly way across the Atlantic Ocean into the Mississippi. The images were acquired by GOES-8, NOAA's geostationary weather satellite.
Compiled and published by the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU) at Loughborough University, these tables offer "a broad overall perspective of the Library and Information scene in the UK." Users can consult the tables to discover statistics such as the number of national, public, and university libraries in the UK, their expenditures and acquisitions, professional staff, borrowing trends, and many others. Additional sections on public library services for children and publishing and book trade statistics are also provided.
The 1998 Annual Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group was held from April 13-17, 1998 in Washington DC. The site features the schedule of events, transcripts of press conferences and briefings, and various communiques. Topics discussed at the meeting include the current world economic outlook, Asian lessons for Latin America, and trends in development indicators.
Released on September 4, 2000, the 1999 Financial Disclosures of the five members of the Fed's Board of Governors (BOG) offers fascinating insight into the "financial lives of America's most powerful economic policy makers." The data are displayed in an easy-to-read chart, offering information on the value of each governor's assets, assets of each governor and family, income from assets, and income from family assets. This site also offers bullet-pointed highlights of the findings, including the wealthiest governor and the financial investment choices of the BOG. The notes on each of the governors's statements are especially interesting.
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, a private charitable organization, aims to initiate and develop "public policies, human-service reforms, and community supports" to assist disadvantaged children in the US. One of the principal activities of the organization is the publication of the KIDS COUNT Data Book, "which uses the best available data to measure the educational, social, economic, and physical well-being of children" all over the US. This site offers public access to the online database for the 1999 KIDS COUNT Data Book. Included are tables of state and national data profiles based on statistical indicators, lists of states ranked by indicator, interactive line graphs allowing users to compare indicators from up to eight areas, and color-coded US maps representing KIDS COUNT data. Users can download all of the raw data files for 1999 in a compressed .zip file or they may download raw data files individually as either a MS Excel spreadsheet file (.xls) or a comma-delimited text file (.csv).
The American Studies Program of Washington State University offers this online directory to Websites and resources on the literary and cultural history of the US in the nineteenth century. The directory presents a subject overview followed by a dozen or more subtopic headings which lead to annotated listings further broken down by subheadings. The site is frequently updated and provides a wealth of links for studying the last two centuries from a cultural studies viewpoint. The 19th Century United States Historical, Literary and Cultural Studies Online directory is particularly well-stocked with useful links to historical documents; resources on nineteenth-century authors and texts; as well as links to maps, photographs, posters, and other examples of the visual culture of the time.
During the 19th century, the ever-popular trade card was a way for American businesses to effectively promote their goods and services. Some examples include a colorful business card depicting freshly caught mackerel in a net (appropriately enough for "Deep Sea Mackerel") and the Charter Oak Lawn Mower, which feature two Victorian women enjoying a leisurely mowing session in a pastoral setting. This online collection was created by Harvard Business School's Baker Library, which happens to have over 8000 of these cards. The online archive contains around 1000 cards which date from the 1870s to the 1890s. Visitors can search this archive via Harvard's Visual Information Access (VIA) union catalog which will allow them to focus in on subjects of particular interest. Finally, visitors can also avail themselves of the site's digital exhibition entitled "A New and Wonderful Invention: The Nineteenth-Century American Trade Card".